Robust Transmission Scheduling for UAV-assisted Millimeter-Wave Train-Ground Communication System
Ref: CISTER-TR-220701 Publication Date: 2022
Robust Transmission Scheduling for UAV-assisted Millimeter-Wave Train-Ground Communication SystemRef: CISTER-TR-220701 Publication Date: 2022
With the explosive growth of mobile data, the demand of high-speed railway (HSR) passengers for broadband wireless access services urgently needs the support of ultra-high speed scenario broadband wireless communication. Millimeterwave (mmWave) can achieve high data transmission rates, but it is accompanied by high propagation loss and vulnerability to blockage. To address this issue, developments of directional antennas and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) enhance the robustness of the mmWave train-ground communication system. In this paper, we propose a UAV and MRs relay assistance (UMRA) algorithm to effectively overcome link blockage, which can maximize the number of transmission flows on the premise of meeting QoS requirements and channel qualities. First, we formulate a mixed integer nonlinear programming (MINLP) problem for UAV trajectory design and transmission scheduling in the full-duplex (FD) mode. Then, in UMRA, the relay decision algorithm and transmission scheduling algorithm based on graph theory are proposed, which make a good tradeoff between computation complexity and system performance. Extensive simulation results show that a suitable UAV position will greatly improve the performance of the UMRA algorithm and make it close to the optimal solution. Compared with the other two existing benchmark schemes, with the high channel quality requirements and large-area blockage, UMRA can greatly improve the number of completed flows and system throughput.
Published in IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology (TVT) (TVT), IEEE, Edited: Wan Choi.