Response time analysis of Multiframe mixed criticality systems
Ref: CISTER-TR-190908 Publication Date: 6 to 8, Nov, 2019
Response time analysis of Multiframe mixed criticality systemsRef: CISTER-TR-190908 Publication Date: 6 to 8, Nov, 2019
The well-known model of Vestal aims to avoid excessive pessimism in the quantification of the processing requirements of mixedcriticality systems, while still guaranteeing the timeliness of highercriticality functions. This can bring important savings in system costs, and indirectly help meet size, weight and power constraints. This efficiency is promoted via the use of multiple worst-case execution time (WCET) estimates for the same task, with each such estimate characterised by a confidence associated with a different criticality level. However, even this approach can be very pessimistic when the WCET of successive instances of the same task can vary greatly according to a known pattern, as in MP3 and MPEG codecs or the processing of ADVB video streams. In this paper, we present a schedulability analysis for the multiframe mixed-criticality model, which allows tasks to have multiple, periodically repeating, WCETs in the same mode of operation. Our work extends both the analysis techniques for Static Mixed-Cricality scheduling (SMC) and Adaptive Mixed-Criticality scheduling (AMC), on one hand, and the schedulability analysis for multiframe task systems on the other. Our proposed worst-case response time (WCRT) analysis for multiframe mixed-criticality systems is considerably less pessimistic than applying the SMC, AMC-rtb and AMC-max tests obliviously to the WCET variation patterns. Experimental evaluation with synthetic task sets demonstrates up to 63.8% higher scheduling success ratio (in absolute terms) compared to the best of the frame-oblivious tests.
27th International Conference on Real-Time Networks and Systems (RTNS 2019), pp 8-18.
ISBN: ACM ISBN 978-1-4503-7223-7.
Notes: Outstanding paper award